Metal Punching

Punching in metal fabrication is the process of using a machine to press a shape through a sheet of metal and into a die to create that shape in the metal. This is most commonly done by use of a turret, a computer numerical controlled machine that houses tools and their corresponding dies in a revolving indexed turret. These machines use hydraulic, pneumatic, or electrical power to press the shape with enough force to cut the metal.

A misconception about punching is that the shape does the cutting, when in fact the shape presses the material into a die that cuts the metal. The die is also given a tolerance that is measured in thousands of an inch.

Punching can be better understand as pressing the material against a die with a huge force,this force pushes the material into the die and shears off the waste material.